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The Science Behind Rolfing®: How It Affects Fascia and Connective Tissues

Updated: Nov 25, 2023

Rolfing® Structural Integration is a holistic system of bodywork that has gained popularity for its ability to transform the body's structure, alleviate pain, and improve overall well-being. At the heart of Rolfing's success lies a profound understanding of fascia and connective tissues. In this article, we delve into the science behind Rolfing and how it influences these critical components of the human body.

Understanding Fascia and Connective Tissues

Fascia is a continuous web of connective tissue that surrounds and permeates every muscle, organ, nerve, and blood vessel in our bodies. It provides support, structure, and protection, ensuring that different parts of our body can function together as a whole.

Connective tissues, including fascia, consist primarily of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. Collagen provides strength, elastin provides flexibility, and ground substance is a gel-like substance that surrounds and nourishes cells within the connective tissue.

Fascia is not only a physical structure but also a sensory organ, transmitting information about movement and tension to the brain. Its role in posture, movement, and overall well-being is profound.

How Rolfing Affects Fascia and Connective Tissues

Rolfing is designed to create positive changes in the fascia and connective tissues, thereby improving posture, reducing pain, and enhancing overall mobility and vitality. Here's how Rolfing works on a scientific level:

  1. Release of Tension: Over time, due to injuries, poor posture, or emotional stress, fascia can become tense and constricted. Rolfing employs manual manipulation and pressure to release these restrictions, allowing the fascia to regain its natural elasticity.

  2. Rehydration: Fascia can become dehydrated and lose its suppleness. Rolfing helps rehydrate the fascia by improving circulation and restoring the flow of fluids through the connective tissues.

  3. Reorganization: Rolfing systematically addresses the body's structure, working with layers of fascia to create better alignment. This reorganization helps to alleviate strain on muscles and joints, leading to improved posture and movement.

  4. Neurological Effects: Rolfing affects the nervous system, reducing the stress response and improving proprioception—the body's awareness of its position in space. This results in better coordination and balance.

  5. Emotional Release: Fascia stores emotional tension, and Rolfing's holistic approach can lead to emotional release and a sense of psychological well-being.

The Scientific Evidence

While the anecdotal evidence supporting Rolfing's effectiveness is extensive, scientific research on the practice is ongoing. Several studies have highlighted the benefits of Rolfing, including improved posture, pain reduction, and increased mobility. Some studies have even shown changes in fascial tissue density and organization after Rolfing sessions.

The exact mechanisms behind Rolfing's effects on fascia and connective tissues are still being explored, but it's clear that the practice's systematic approach to manual manipulation and movement reeducation plays a significant role in creating positive changes.


Rolfing's success in improving posture, reducing pain, and enhancing overall well-being can be attributed to its deep understanding of fascia and connective tissues. By releasing tension, rehydrating tissues, and reorganizing the body's structure, Rolfing promotes better alignment, flexibility, and proprioception. While more research is needed to fully elucidate the science behind Rolfing since it's development in the 1960's, its positive effects on fascia and connective tissues are undeniable, making it a valuable holistic approach to improving the body's structure and function.

Current Research related to Structural Integration and Rolfing®

Structural Integration and Back Pain

Structural Integration as an Adjunct to Outpatient Rehabilitation for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Pilot Clinical Trial.

Rolfing® SI and Cerebral Palsy

Myofascial structural integration therapy on gross motor function and gait of young children with spastic cerebral palsy

Rolfing® SI and Fibromyalgia

Clinical trials of Rolfing for fibromyalgia conducted by Paula Stal and summarized by Eric Jacobson.



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